installation in the alliance francaise in accra, ghana

the work is about slave-trade.

the cell is used to imprison slaves who rebelled against portuguese and dutch attempts to enslave them.  the death’s cell had no windows. africans (up to thirty or more) were placed in this small cell and kept there until they died of starvation. sometimes the cell was packed with so many people that everyone could only stand. all were left in there until everyone died.

no air no water no food no forgiveness.

after all died they were thrown inside the ocean.


at the pictures you can see the frustration and their fight for life at the walls.

they are all over marked with finger\nail scratches.

slave trade is not over it is still happening:

“Recently, we have seen the revival of the once thriving slave trade routes across West Africa, after a lapse of 25 years.  Slavers have reappeared following the old slave trade routes, except that trucks, jeeps and modern four-wheel drive vehicles and, on occasions, aircraft, have replaced the camels. The slavers often carry mobile telephones.Some things, however, have not changed.  Cunning, deceit, the use of drugs to subdue the children and the whip still remain part of the essential equipment of the professional slaver.The trade involves most states in sub Saharan West Africa. The children are kidnapped or purchased for $20 – $70 each by slavers in poorer states, such as Benin and Togo, and sold into slavery in sex dens or as unpaid domestic servants for $350.00 each in wealthier oil-rich states, such as Nigeria and Gabon.These children are bought and sold as slaves. They are denied an education, the chance to play or to use toys like other children, and the right to a future.  their lives are at the mercy of their masters, and suicide is often the only escape.”  anti-slavery society

 the whole installation “NO RETURN” wants to show in an artistic way, what humans did and still can do to each other, in the past, today and hopefully not tomorrow. 

the narrowness of the staircases, without windows, and where you have to pass to the next floor, is an impressive place for this work.